The role of geometry in age estimation

TitleThe role of geometry in age estimation
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsTuraga P, Biswas S, Chellappa R
Conference Name2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
Date Published2010/03/14/19
ISBN Number978-1-4244-4295-9
Keywordsage estimation, Aging, Biometrics, computational geometry, Face, Face Geometry, Facial animation, Feature extraction, function estimation problem, geometric face attributes, Geometry, Grassmann manifold, human face modeling, human face understanding, HUMANS, Mouth, regression, Regression analysis, SHAPE, Solid modeling, solid modelling, velocity vector

Understanding and modeling of aging in human faces is an important problem in many real-world applications such as biometrics, authentication, and synthesis. In this paper, we consider the role of geometric attributes of faces, as described by a set of landmark points on the face, in age perception. Towards this end, we show that the space of landmarks can be interpreted as a Grassmann manifold. Then the problem of age estimation is posed as a problem of function estimation on the manifold. The warping of an average face to a given face is quantified as a velocity vector that transforms the average to a given face along a smooth geodesic in unit-time. This deformation is then shown to contain important information about the age of the face. We show in experiments that exploiting geometric cues in a principled manner provides comparable performance to several systems that utilize both geometric and textural cues. We show results on age estimation using the standard FG-Net dataset and a passport dataset which illustrate the effectiveness of the approach.