Relative depth from motion using normal flow: an active and purposive solution

TitleRelative depth from motion using normal flow: an active and purposive solution
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsHuang L, Aloimonos Y
Conference NameProceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Visual Motion, 1991
Date Published1991/10/07/9
ISBN Number0-8186-2153-2
Keywords3D information, Automation, Computer vision, Educational institutions, Image motion analysis, image recognition, Image sequences, Laboratories, Layout, Motion analysis, Motion estimation, Nonlinear optics, normal flow, optic flow, Optical computing, Optical sensors, relative depth, retinal motion, spatiotemporal derivatives, time varying image intensity function, visual motion

The authors show how an active observer can compute the relative depth of (stationary or moving) objects in the field of view using only the spatiotemporal derivatives of the time varying image intensity function. The solution they propose is purposive in the sense that it solves only the relative depth from motion problem and cannot be used for other problems related to motion; active in the sense that the activity of the observer is essential for the solution of the problem. Results indicate that exact computation of retinal motion does not appear to be a necessary first step for some problems related to visual motion. In addition, optic flow, whose computation is an ill-posed problem, is related to the motion of the scene only under very restrictive assumptions. As a result, the use of optic flow in some quantitative motion analysis studies is questionable