New Eyes for Shape and Motion Estimation

TitleNew Eyes for Shape and Motion Estimation
Publication TypeBook Chapters
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsBaker P, Pless R, Fermüller C, Aloimonos Y
EditorLee S-W, Bülthoff H, Poggio T
Book TitleBiologically Motivated Computer VisionBiologically Motivated Computer Vision
Series TitleLecture Notes in Computer Science
Pagination23 - 47
PublisherSpringer Berlin / Heidelberg
ISBN Number978-3-540-67560-0

Motivated by the full field of view of insect eyes and their fast and accurate estimation of egomotion, we constructed a system of cameras to take advantage of the full field of view (FOV) constraints that insects use. In this paper, we develop a new ego-motion algorithm for a rigidly mounted set of cameras undergoing arbitrary rigid motion. This egomotion algorithm combines the unambiguous components of the motion computed by each separate camera. We prove that the cyclotorsion is resistant to errors and show this empirically. We show how to calibrate the system with two novel algorithms, one using secondary cameras and one using self calibration. Given this system calibration, the new 3D motion algorithm first computes the rotation and then the 3D translation. We apply this algorithm to a camera system constructed with four rigidly mounted synchronized cameras pointing in various directions and present motion estimation results at pbaker/argus.html.