A hierarchy of cameras for 3D photography

TitleA hierarchy of cameras for 3D photography
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsNeumann J, Fermüller C, Aloimonos Y
JournalComputer Vision and Image Understanding
Pagination274 - 293
Date Published2004/12//
ISBN Number1077-3142
KeywordsCamera design, Multi-view geometry, Polydioptric cameras, Spatio-temporal image analysis, structure from motion

The view-independent visualization of 3D scenes is most often based on rendering accurate 3D models or utilizes image-based rendering techniques. To compute the 3D structure of a scene from a moving vision sensor or to use image-based rendering approaches, we need to be able to estimate the motion of the sensor from the recorded image information with high accuracy, a problem that has been well-studied. In this work, we investigate the relationship between camera design and our ability to perform accurate 3D photography, by examining the influence of camera design on the estimation of the motion and structure of a scene from video data. By relating the differential structure of the time varying plenoptic function to different known and new camera designs, we can establish a hierarchy of cameras based upon the stability and complexity of the computations necessary to estimate structure and motion. At the low end of this hierarchy is the standard planar pinhole camera for which the structure from motion problem is non-linear and ill-posed. At the high end is a camera, which we call the full field of view polydioptric camera, for which the motion estimation problem can be solved independently of the depth of the scene which leads to fast and robust algorithms for 3D Photography. In between are multiple view cameras with a large field of view which we have built, as well as omni-directional sensors.