Data hiding in binary image for authentication and annotation

TitleData hiding in binary image for authentication and annotation
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsM. Wu, Liu B
JournalMultimedia, IEEE Transactions on
Pagination528 - 538
Date Published2004/08//
ISBN Number1520-9210
Keywordsannotation;, authentication;, binary, coding;, data, digital, digitized, document, EMBEDDING, encapsulation;, extraction;, feature, hiding;, image, image;, method;, signature;, unauthorized, user;, watermarking;

This paper proposes a new method to embed data in binary images, including scanned text, figures, and signatures. The method manipulates "flippable" pixels to enforce specific block-based relationship in order to embed a significant amount of data without causing noticeable artifacts. Shuffling is applied before embedding to equalize the uneven embedding capacity from region to region. The hidden data can be extracted without using the original image, and can also be accurately extracted after high quality printing and scanning with the help of a few registration marks. The proposed data embedding method can be used to detect unauthorized use of a digitized signature, and annotate or authenticate binary documents. The paper also presents analysis and discussions on robustness and security issues.