COSI: Cloud Oriented Subgraph Identification in Massive Social Networks

TitleCOSI: Cloud Oriented Subgraph Identification in Massive Social Networks
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBröcheler M, Pugliese A, V.S. Subrahmanian
Conference NameAdvances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM), 2010 International Conference on
Date Published2010/08//
Keywords(online);, answering;social, complexity;data, computing;edge, data;graph, estimation;query, handling;graph, matching;Internet;computational, matching;probability;query, network;subgraph, networking, NP-complete;cloud, pattern;probability, processing;social, theory;pattern, weight;graph

Subgraph matching is a key operation on graph data. Social network (SN) providers may want to find all subgraphs within their social network that match certain query graph patterns. Unfortunately, subgraph matching is NP-complete, making its application to massive SNs a major challenge. Past work has shown how to implement subgraph matching on a single processor when the graph has 10-25M edges. In this paper, we show how to use cloud computing in conjunction with such existing single processor methods to efficiently match complex subgraphs on graphs as large as 778M edges. A cloud consists of one master compute node and k slave compute nodes. We first develop a probabilistic method to estimate probabilities that a vertex will be retrieved by a random query and that a pair of vertices will be successively retrieved by a random query. We use these probability estimates to define edge weights in an SN and to compute minimal edge cuts to partition the graph amongst k slave nodes. We develop algorithms for both master and slave nodes that try to minimize communication overhead. The resulting COSI system can answer complex queries over real-world SN data containing over 778M edges very efficiently.