Combining motion from texture and lines for visual navigation

TitleCombining motion from texture and lines for visual navigation
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsBitsakos K, Yi L, Fermüller C
Conference NameIEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2007. IROS 2007
Date Published2007/11/29/Oct.
ISBN Number978-1-4244-0912-9
Keywords3D structure information, CAMERAS, Computer vision, extended Kalman filter, Frequency, image frequencies, Image motion analysis, Image texture, Kalman filters, Layout, motion control, Motion estimation, Navigation, Optical computing, phase correlation, piecewise planar scene, Robustness, Simultaneous localization and mapping, Speech processing, textured plane, video signal processing, visual navigation

Two novel methods for computing 3D structure information from video for a piecewise planar scene are presented. The first method is based on a new line constraint, which clearly separates the estimation of distance from the estimation of slant. The second method exploits the concepts of phase correlation to compute from the change of image frequencies of a textured plane, distance and slant information. The two different estimates together with structure estimates from classical image motion are combined and integrated over time using an extended Kalman filter. The estimation of the scene structure is demonstrated experimentally in a motion control algorithm that allows the robot to move along a corridor. We demonstrate the efficacy of each individual method and their combination and show that the method allows for visual navigation in textured as well as un-textured environments.