In Situ Evaluation of Tracking Algorithms Using Time Reversed Chains

TitleIn Situ Evaluation of Tracking Algorithms Using Time Reversed Chains
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsWu H, Sankaranarayanan AC, Chellappa R
Conference NameComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007. CVPR '07. IEEE Conference on
Date Published2007/06//
Keywords(numerical, algorithm;Markov, chain;tracking, decision, density;time, detection;particle, Evaluation, evaluation;object, filter;performance, Filtering, Markov, methods);tracking;visual, processes;decision, reversed, servoing;, situ, statistics;in, strategy;posterior, systems;visual, theory;object, tracking, tracking;particle

Automatic evaluation of visual tracking algorithms in the absence of ground truth is a very challenging and important problem. In the context of online appearance modeling, there is an additional ambiguity involving the correctness of the appearance model. In this paper, we propose a novel performance evaluation strategy for tracking systems based on particle filter using a time reversed Markov chain. Starting from the latest observation, the time reversed chain is propagated back till the starting time t = 0 of the tracking algorithm. The posterior density of the time reversed chain is also computed. The distance between the posterior density of the time reversed chain (at t = 0) and the prior density used to initialize the tracking algorithm forms the decision statistic for evaluation. It is postulated that when the data is generated true to the underlying models, the decision statistic takes a low value. We empirically demonstrate the performance of the algorithm against various common failure modes in the generic visual tracking problem. Finally, we derive a small frame approximation that allows for very efficient computation of the decision statistic.