Scaling RDF with Time

TitleScaling RDF with Time
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsPugliese A, Udrea O, V.S. Subrahmanian
Conference NameProceedings of the 17th international conference on World Wide Web
Date Published2008///
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number978-1-60558-085-2
KeywordsRDF indexing, resource description framework, temporal RDF

The World Wide Web Consortium's RDF standard primarily consists of (subject, property, object) triples that specify the value that a given subject has for a given property. However, it is frequently the case that even for a fixed subject and property, the value varies with time. As a consequence, efforts have been made to annotate RDF triples with "valid time" intervals. However, to date, no proposals exist for efficient indexing of such temporal RDF databases. It is clearly beneficial to store RDF data in a relational DB - however, standard relational indexes are inadequately equipped to handle RDF's graph structure. In this paper, we propose the tGRIN index structure that builds a specialized index for temporal RDF that is physically stored in an RDBMS. Past efforts to store RDF in relational stores include Jena2 from HP, Sesame from, and 3store from the University of Southampton. We show that even when these efforts are augmented with well known temporal indexes like R+ trees, SR-trees, ST-index, and MAP21, the tGRIN index exhibits superior performance. In terms of index build time, tGRIN takes two thirds or less of the time used by any other system, and it uses a comparable amount of memory and less disk space than Jena, Sesame and 3store. More importantly, tGRIN can answer queries three to six times faster for average query graph patterns and five to ten times faster for complex queries than these systems.