Occurrence of <i>Vibrio cholerae</i> in water reservoirs of Burkina Faso

TitleOccurrence of Vibrio cholerae in water reservoirs of Burkina Faso
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKaboré S, Cecchi P, Mosser T, Toubiana M, Traoré O, Ouattara AS, Traoré AS, Barro N, Colwell RR, Monfort P
JournalResearch in Microbiology
Pagination1 - 10
Date PublishedJan-01-2018

Africa is currently an important region in which cholera epidemics occur. Little is known about the presence of Vibrio cholerae in freshwater bodies in Africa. There are ca. 1700 lakes and reservoirs in Burkina Faso, most of which have been built within recent decades to secure water resources. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of V. cholerae in the water of reservoirs, using the most-probable-number polymerase chain reaction. Results showed that V. cholerae could be detected in water samples collected from 14 of 39 sampled reservoirs. The concentrations varied from 0 MPN/l to more than 1100 MPN/l. Fifty strains of V. cholerae isolated on CHROMagar™ vibrio were identified as V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139, none of which carried the ctxA gene.

A significant positive correlation was found between the presence of V. cholerae in the reservoirs and both alkaline pH and phytoplankton biomass. V. cholerae was present in significantly higher numbers in reservoirs of urban areas than in rural areas. Since V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 has been shown to be a causative agent of endemic diarrheal outbreaks, their presence in Burkina Faso reservoirs suggests they may play a role in gastroenteritis in that country.

Short TitleResearch in Microbiology