A new framework for efficient password-based authenticated key exchange

TitleA new framework for efficient password-based authenticated key exchange
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsGroce A, Katz J
Conference NameProceedings of the 17th ACM conference on Computer and communications security
Date Published2010///
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number978-1-4503-0245-6
Keywordsexchange, key, password-based

Protocols for password-based authenticated key exchange (PAKE) allow two users who share only a short, low-entropy password to agree on a cryptographically strong session key. The challenge in designing such protocols is that they must be immune to off-line dictionary attacks in which an eavesdropping adversary exhaustively enumerates the dictionary of likely passwords in an attempt to match a password to the set of observed transcripts. To date, few general frameworks for constructing PAKE protocols in the standard model are known. Here, we abstract and generalize a protocol by Jiang and Gong to give a new methodology for realizing PAKE without random oracles, in the common reference string model. In addition to giving a new approach to the problem, the resulting construction off ers several advantages over prior work. We also describe an extension of our protocol that is secure within the universal composability (UC) framework and, when instantiated using El Gamal encryption, is more efficient than a previous protocol of Canetti et al.