Loki: a state-driven fault injector for distributed systems

TitleLoki: a state-driven fault injector for distributed systems
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsChandra R, Lefever RM, Cukier M, Sanders WH
Date Published2000///
Keywordscampaign execution, computer testing, distributed applications failure, distributed processing, distributed system validation, Fault diagnosis, fault event placement, fault specification, global system state, global timeline, Graphical user interfaces, Loki, off-line clock synchronization, post-runtime analysis, specified measures estimation, state machine specification, state-driven fault injection, Synchronisation

Distributed applications can fail in subtle ways that depend on the state of multiple parts of a system. This complicates the validation of such systems via fault injection, since it suggests that faults should be injected based on the global state of the system. In Loki, fault injection is performed based on a partial view of the global state of a distributed system, i.e. faults injected in one node of the system can depend on the state of other nodes. Once faults are injected, a post-runtime analysis, using off-line clock synchronization, is used to place events and injections on a single global timeline and to determine whether the intended faults were properly injected. Finally, experiments containing successful fault injections are used to estimate the specified measures. In addition to briefly reviewing the concepts behind Loki and its organization, we detail Loki's user interface. In particular, we describe the graphical user interfaces for specifying state machines and faults, for executing a campaign and for verifying whether the faults were properly injected