Flowers or a robot army?: encouraging awareness & activity with personal, mobile displays

TitleFlowers or a robot army?: encouraging awareness & activity with personal, mobile displays
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsConsolvo S, Klasnja P, McDonald DW, Avrahami D, Froehlich J, LeGrand L, Libby R, Mosher K, Landay JA
Conference NameProceedings of the 10th international conference on Ubiquitous computing
Date Published2008///
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number978-1-60558-136-1
Keywordsambient display, awareness, calm technology, field experiment, fitness, glanceable display, mobile phone, personal mobile display, persuasive technology, physical activity

Personal, mobile displays, such as those on mobile phones, are ubiquitous, yet for the most part, underutilized. We present results from a field experiment that investigated the effectiveness of these displays as a means for improving awareness of daily life (in our case, self-monitoring of physical activity). Twenty-eight participants in three experimental conditions used our UbiFit system for a period of three months in their day-to-day lives over the winter holiday season. Our results show, for example, that participants who had an awareness display were able to maintain their physical activity level (even during the holidays), while the level of physical activity for participants who did not have an awareness display dropped significantly. We discuss our results and their general implications for the use of everyday mobile devices as awareness displays.