@article {17955,
title = {Representing thermal vibrations and uncertainty in molecular surfaces},
journal = {SPIE Conference on Visualization and Data Analysis},
volume = {4665},
year = {2002},
month = {2002///},
pages = {80 - 90},
abstract = {The previous methods to compute smooth molecular surface assumed that each atom in a molecule has a fixedposition without thermal motion or uncertainty. In real world, the position of an atom in a molecule is fuzzy
because of its uncertainty in protein structure determination and thermal energy of the atom. In this paper,
we propose a method to compute smooth molecular surface for fuzzy atoms. The Gaussian distribution is used
for modeling the fuzziness of each atom, and a p-probability sphere is computed for each atom with a certain
confidence level. The smooth molecular surface with fuzzy atoms is computed efficiently from extended-radius
p-probability spheres. We have implemented a program for visualizing three-dimensional molecular structures
including the smooth molecular surface with fuzzy atoms using multi-layered transparent surfaces, where the
surface of each layer has a different confidence level and the transparency associated with the confidence level.
},
author = {Lee,C. H and Varshney, Amitabh}
}