Applying Software Reliability Models on Security Incidents

TitleApplying Software Reliability Models on Security Incidents
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsCondon E, Cukier M, He T
Date Published2007/11//
Keywordscomputer security incidents, consumer confidence, data theft, network security incidents, nonhomogenous Poisson process, reliability growth process, reputational damage, security of data, software reliability, stock prices

Computer and network security incidents have increasing financial consequences as demand for network accessibility and connectivity to resources continues to rise. These security incidents can lead to direct financial losses either through data theft of personal and/or proprietary information as well as a reputational damage which may negatively impact stock prices or consumer confidence in a company. This paper examines a large set of security incident data using tools from the software reliability community. We look at applying Non-Homogenous Poisson Process (NHPP) models as a method for describing the reliability growth process. We examine the full set of incidents as well as subsets of the data based on incident types. We look at using the Laplace test to guide selection of the appropriate models. Then, based on the trend results, we apply various NHPP models (i.e., Goel-Okumutu, S-Shaped, Duane, and K-Stage Curve) to illustrate the relevance of using these models to fit the incident data and to predict future incidents.