The ABCs of AVDs: Geometric Retrieval Made Simple

TitleThe ABCs of AVDs: Geometric Retrieval Made Simple
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsMount D
JournalAlgorithms and Computation
Pagination819 - 826
Date Published2005///

One of the best known structures in computational geometry is the Voronoi diagram. Given a set of n points in space, called sites, this is a subdivision that partitions space into n convex cells according which site is closest. The Voronoi diagram and its dual, the Delaunay triangulation are among the most fundamental proximity structures known, and have numerous uses in science. For example, applying point location to the subdivision defined by a Voronoi diagram answers nearest neighbor queries. Although they are popular in low dimensional spaces, there are various reasons why Voronoi diagrams are rarely used higher dimensions. First, the combinatorial complexity of the diagram grows rapidly, as fast as Ω(nd/2) in d-dimensional space. Second, the diagram does not admit a straightforward search structure in higher dimensions.