The history of the people on Serbian soil has always been turbulent. The Lepenski Vir in Djerdap has been settled as back as the sixth millennium B.C. Famous archeological sites from the Neolithic Age are known as the proponent of the "Starchevo Culture" and the "Vincca Culture." The continuity runs uninterrupted - Celts, Tracians, Illyrians, Greeks, Romans ... The strengthening of the Serbian Kingdom brought about the flourishing of culture. Written biographies of rulers mark the birth of original Serbian literature. The preserved monasteries built by the rulers and decorated with frescoes and icon are the testimony of the high level of art and construction and painting in the Serbian Medieval State.

The territory of Serbia occupies the central area of the Balkan peninsula where three mountain ranges come together; Rodope, Carpathian-Balkan and Dinaric mountains. The highest mountain peak is Djeravica 2,656 m on Prokletije mountain. Other mountains note for their scenic beauty are Zlatibor, Kopaonik , Tara, Bukulja, Jastrebac, etc.

The rivers of Serbia flow into three seas: the Adriatic , Black and Aegean. The largest river is the Danube, with its tributaries the Sava, Tisa, Morava, and others. The capital of Serbia, and also of the Federal Republic Yugoslavia , is Belgrade .

Some of the major cities in Serbia are
o Beograd
o Nish
o Novi Sad
o Prishtina
o Smederevo