Consonants


There are 25 consonants in Serbian. Consonants, perticularly the final consonants, are pronaunced much less energetically than the English ones, and are always pronounced.
There are no silent consonants.
  1. d and t
    The d (dan) and t (top) are dental sounds. They are pronounced with th etip of the tangue touching the back of the upper teeth, not the ridge back of the teeth as in English. These sounds do not have such a puff of breath after them as they do in English. Put your hand before your mouth when saying the English words: tall or dig. In this way you get a softer sound, which is Serbian t and d.
    	tata 	(dad)		
    	top 	(canon)	
    	dan 	(day)
    	danas 	(today)
    	
  2. b, p, k and g
    These consonants are less emphatic than in English and have no aspiration which is heard when pronouncing these consonants in English. The sounds h and p are produced by closing the upper and lowel lips.
    	brod 	(boat)		
    	boja 	(colour)	
    
    	pilot 	(pilot)
    	pero 	(pen)
    
    	kapa 	(cap)		
    	kuca 	(house)	
    
    	grad 	(city)
    	glava 	(head)
    	
  3. h
    h is produced by touching the back part of the roof of the mouth. It is much stronger than in English, because it is a glottal sound.
    	hleb 	(bread)		
    	hotel 	(hotel)	
    	hiljada (thousand)
    	
  4. ch and dj
    The ch is softer than "ch" in "archer". Its sound is between the "ch" of "chalk" and "tu" of "tune". The sound dj is between the "d3" of "bridge" and "de" of "dew". To pronounce these two consonants the teeth must be brought close together and the lips are slightly opened. The blade of the tongue must touch the frontal palate (gum).
    	chilim 	(rug)		
    	cherka 	(daughter)	
    
    	vodja 	(leader)
    	Djordje (George)
    	
  5. lj and nj
    The lj and nj are similar to the English sounds as in "million" and "news".
    	ljubav 	(love)		
    	kljucc 	(key)	
    
    	konj 	(horse)
    	knjiga 	(book)
    	
  6. r
    The r is not like the English one. It is almost identical with the Russian r or similar to the Scotish "r", but not as strong. It is trilled with the tip of the tongue against the teeth ridge, just behind the upper teeth, and the mouth is more closed than in pronouncing the English "r".
    	reka 	(river)		
    	sport 	(sport)	
    	riba 	(fish)
    	

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