Scalable protocols for authenticated group key exchange

TitleScalable protocols for authenticated group key exchange
Publication TypeJournal Articles
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsKatz J, Yung M
JournalJournal of Cryptology
Pagination85 - 113
Date Published2007///

We consider the problem of authenticated group key exchange among n parties communicating over an insecure public network. A number of solutions to this problem have been proposed; however, all prior provably secure solutions do not scale well and, in particular, require O(n) rounds. Our main contribution is the first scalable protocol for this problem along with a rigorous proof of security in the standard model under the DDH assumption; our protocol uses a constant number of rounds and requires only O(1) "full" modular exponentiations per user. Toward this goal (and adapting work of Bellare, Canetti, and Krawczyk), we first present an efficient compiler that transforms any group key-exchange protocol secure against a passive eavesdropper to an authenticated protocol which is secure against an active adversary who controls all communication in the network. This compiler adds only one round and O(1) communication (per user) to the original scheme. We then prove secure—against a passive adversary—a variant of the two-round group key-exchange protocol of Burmester and Desmedt. Applying our compiler to this protocol results in a provably secure three-round protocol for authenticated group key exchange which also achieves forward secrecy.