MauveDB: supporting model-based user views in database systems

TitleMauveDB: supporting model-based user views in database systems
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsDeshpande A, Madden S
Conference NameProceedings of the 2006 ACM SIGMOD international conference on Management of data
Date Published2006///
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number1-59593-434-0
KeywordsQuery processing, regression, sensor networks, statistical models, uncertain data, views

Real-world data --- especially when generated by distributed measurement infrastructures such as sensor networks --- tends to be incomplete, imprecise, and erroneous, making it impossible to present it to users or feed it directly into applications. The traditional approach to dealing with this problem is to first process the data using statistical or probabilistic models that can provide more robust interpretations of the data. Current database systems, however, do not provide adequate support for applying models to such data, especially when those models need to be frequently updated as new data arrives in the system. Hence, most scientists and engineers who depend on models for managing their data do not use database systems for archival or querying at all; at best, databases serve as a persistent raw data store.In this paper we define a new abstraction called model-based views and present the architecture of MauveDB, the system we are building to support such views. Just as traditional database views provide logical data independence, model-based views provide independence from the details of the underlying data generating mechanism and hide the irregularities of the data by using models to present a consistent view to the users. MauveDB supports a declarative language for defining model-based views, allows declarative querying over such views using SQL, and supports several different materialization strategies and techniques to efficiently maintain them in the face of frequent updates. We have implemented a prototype system that currently supports views based on regression and interpolation, using the Apache Derby open source DBMS, and we present results that show the utility and performance benefits that can be obtained by supporting several different types of model-based views in a database system.