Bilattice-based Logical Reasoning for Human Detection

TitleBilattice-based Logical Reasoning for Human Detection
Publication TypeConference Papers
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsShet VD, Neumann J, Ramesh V, Davis LS
Conference NameComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007. CVPR '07. IEEE Conference on
Date Published2007/06//
Keywordsautomated, detection;parts-based, detectors;static, histograms;human, images;formal, interactions;gradient, logic;image, logical, mechanisms;surveillance;video, processing;, reasoning;complex, recognition;inference, signal, Surveillance, systems;bilattice-based, visual

The capacity to robustly detect humans in video is a critical component of automated visual surveillance systems. This paper describes a bilattice based logical reasoning approach that exploits contextual information and knowledge about interactions between humans, and augments it with the output of different low level detectors for human detection. Detections from low level parts-based detectors are treated as logical facts and used to reason explicitly about the presence or absence of humans in the scene. Positive and negative information from different sources, as well as uncertainties from detections and logical rules, are integrated within the bilattice framework. This approach also generates proofs or justifications for each hypothesis it proposes. These justifications (or lack thereof) are further employed by the system to explain and validate, or reject potential hypotheses. This allows the system to explicitly reason about complex interactions between humans and handle occlusions. These proofs are also available to the end user as an explanation of why the system thinks a particular hypothesis is actually a human. We employ a boosted cascade of gradient histograms based detector to detect individual body parts. We have applied this framework to analyze the presence of humans in static images from different datasets.